Not every individual needs to have their wisdom teeth extracted — some people don't even need to have all four of their third molars extracted.
If a wisdom tooth cleanly emerges through the gum tissue without compromising the tooth next to it, the tooth is able to remain in the mouth without the patient having to worry. As long as they are able to thoroughly brush, floss and clean all their teeth, there is no need for concern.
A wisdom tooth should be removed when it has partially risen through the gingival tissue but has caused inflammation or an infection. If bacteria become stagnated underneath the soft tissue growth over a tooth, an infection called pericoronitis may develop.
Third molars can also come in at an angle that may push an adjacent molar forward or at the very least make it difficult to clean sufficiently. Sometimes, the position of the tooth will cause deep periodontal pockets or gum recession around the molar next to it, which can be incredibly painful. If this occurs, the tooth definitely must be removed before damage is wrought upon the secondary molars.
However, some people can avoid wisdom tooth extractions if they improve dental hygiene habits or have the surrounding tissue modified. If there is enough room for the tooth but gum tissue blocks its emergence, the tissue can be removed to resolve the problem.
If you qualify, you can skip all the surgical solutions and have an orthodontist look at it. Orthodontists can straighten the third molars through non-removal methods such as adult braces so that getting it pulled is unnecessary. Braces can also help to move crooked teeth away from pending wisdom teeth to reduce pain and make the potential removal teeth easier.
To learn more about available treatment options, contact Dr. Vaysman and her top quality team of orthodontists in New York City. Check the Upper Eastside Orthodontists website for more orthodontic health tips or to schedule an appointment.